The Last Coffee Grind Size Chart You’ll Ever Need

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Your grounds are your most valuable and overlooked tool, until today. You’re about to find out what the cause of this failure is, and everything else there is to know about grinding coffee. This means you’ll be brewing the best coffee of your life in no time.

Let’s take a quick look at the different grind sizes, when you should use each, and with which settings you can achieve them with your burr grinder.

The Relationship Between Coffee Grounds, and Over/Under Extracted Coffee

Do not skip this section.

What you’re about to read is critical knowledge for brewing great coffee. It’s time to understand coffee extraction - and in doing so, you’ll be able to avoid under-extraction and over-extraction. These are bad things (if you like coffee, that is). The whole reason we use different grind sizes for different coffee brewers is to avoid over, or under extracting our coffee.

Your goal in choosing a grind size: extract the perfect amount of flavour from your coffee. Too little and you’ve under-extracted it, too much and you’ve over extracted it.

  • Under extraction is when you have not extracted enough flavour out of your ground coffee (your grounds are too coarse)
  • Over extracted is when you have extracted too much flavour out of your coffee - and the it becomes overpowering and unpleasant. (your grounds are too fine). Sort of like over extracted tea - too much flavour.

What does poorly extracted coffee taste like?


  • Sour
  • Acidic
  • Salty


  • Bitter
  • Hollow - A lack of any notable coffee bean flavours
under vs over extracted coffee image

For a really in-depth journey of how over or under extracted coffee will taste, read this guide by the Barista Hustle.

....So you’ve made a coffee, and to your disgust it tastes like it’s been poorly extracted. But you're confused. You have no idea why or how you went wrong.

What can you do about it for next time?

Do as a crackhead would do: tweak.

Tweak either the brew time, your water temperature or your grind size, based on how it tastes:













I made a handy grind size chart for you:  >>> GET IT BY CLICKING HERE  use it to dial in your grinds fast, and improve your coffee instantly.

A Quick Note on Blade vs Burr Grinders

Before you read any further: if you’ve been using a blade grinder to grind your coffee beans, you’ve been making the most common coffee grinding mistake that exists. Do NOT grind your coffee beans with a blade grinder! Doing so is WORSE than buying pre-ground coffee.


First of all - the key to brewing great coffee is consistency, and if your little grinds are not all the same size, some will be over extracted, some will be under extracted, and the result will be, well......shit coffee.

Shake your little blade grinder around all you want. You look dumb as all hell, and you’ll never really get them consistent. 

Here's what you can expect as results from a burr vs blade grinder

Aside from a clear lack of consistency, blade grinders have another pitfall.

They can only work by spinning extremely fast, which causes heat and friction. This heat and friction, as you guessed, is bad news. Your coffee may taste a little scorched and less fresh than if grinded in a burr grinder.

Now compare all that nonsense to a burr grinder. Burr grinder use uniform pressure and rotation to essentially ‘crush’ beans into perfect consistency. They can achieve this at low speeds, meaning no added heat, and maintain a precise and consistent uniform grind.

Too long, didn’t read?

  • Use a burr grinder, not a blade grinder
  • Blade grinders cannot achieve enough consistency, and the heat will overcook your coffee
  • Buying pre ground, while not ideal, is a better option than using a blade grinder

If you need a new grinder - here's a list of the best rated burr grinders. And we've also got a few good hand grinders here if you're the nomadic type.

Brewing for espresso? It's even more critical that your grinds are uniform/consistent.

If you use something like a blade grinder, here's whats likely to happen:

coarse ground coffee in a portafilter

All the Coffee Grind Size Numbers You’ll ever Need

The following 7 grind sizes are all you’ll need to brew great coffee with a range of different brew methods.

Keep in mind that you can NOT just choose one grind size and use it for anything; some grinds are best suited for certain coffee makers. We’ve noted all of that, below.

Yes - you’ll notice some brew methods falls under more than one grind size category - this is because you can control the outcome of your brew with your grind size + brewing time for certain brew methods.



Extra coarse

Cold Brew Coffee, Cowboy Coffee


French press, percolator, coffee cupping


Chemex, clever dripper, cafe solo brewer


Cone shaped pour over brewers, flat bottom drip machines, siphon coffee, Aeropress (with 3+ minute brew time)


Cone shaped pour over brewers, Aeropress (with 2-3 minute brew time)


Espresso, Moka pot, Aeropress (with 1 minute brew time)

Extra Fine

Turkish coffee

#1 - Extra Coarse Grind

extra coarse coffee grounds

As large as you can go on most popular burr grinders - similar to ground peppercorns.

Suites these brew methods:

#2 - Coarse Grind

coarse coffee grounds

If you brew french press coffee, you should know your coarse grind. A coarse grind looks similar to sea salt.

Suites these brew methods:

#3 - Medium-Coarse Grind

medium coarse coffee grounds

Not quite medium but not quite coarse - similar looking to coarse/rough sand.

Suites these brew methods:

  • Chemex
  • Clever dripper
  • Cafe solo brewer

#4 - Medium Grind

medium coffee grounds

The happy medium of grind sizes; a great starting point for testing your grounds. Similar to the consistency of regular sand.

Suites these brew methods:

  • Flat bottomed drip brewers
  • Cone shaped pour over brewers
  • The Aeropress (With 3+ minute brew time)
  • Siphon brewers

#5 - Medium-Fine Grind

medium fine coffee grounds

If you love your pour over coffee like us, the medium-fine grind will be your staple grind size. It’s looks finer than sand, but not as fine as an espresso grind.

Suites these brew methods:

  • Cone shaped pour over brewers (e.g. Hario v60, Kalita wave, etc)
  • The Aeropress (with a 2-3 minute brew time)

#6 - Fine Grind

fine coffee grounds

The most common grind size you’ll come across. When you buy pre-ground coffee, it’s usually a fine grind size (unless otherwise stated). In terms of consistency, it’s a little finer than table salt.

Suites these brew methods:

#7 - Super Fine / Turkish Grind

very fine grounds

You’ll rarely use a super-fine grind and you need a turkish coffee grinder to achieve a fine and consist grind like this. It’s the same consistency as flour or powder.

Suites these brew methods:

Here: Have a Coffee Grind Size Comparison Chart

Don’t trust your eyeballs (especially in the beginning).

They won’t be great at judging a medium fine grind from a medium grind. So we created a simple yet effective grind chart to help you learn figure out one grind size from another.

Print it off and use it right now to find out which grind you’re dealing with. Simply enter your email below so we know where to send it:

coffee grind chart download example


Got a Popular Burr Grinder? Here’s the Setting You Should Use

Well look at that. We’ve gone ahead and made your life easier by putting together the following grind setting recommendations.

Remember: due to calibration, no 2 grinders are exactly the same.

Compare your results with the grind images above.













Mr Coffee Burr Grinder


#5 - 20

#5 - 20

Fine #1 - Medium #4

#3 - 15

Anywhere from espresso to drip

#1 - 13

Bee House



Fine #4 - Medium #1

#4 - 6

Drip icon - 2.5





Medium #2- Coarse #1

#8 - 10

Chemex icon + 1

#5 - 10

Clever Dripper



Fine #4 - Medium #1

#4 - 6

Drip icon - 2.5


Cold Brew

#22 - 40

#22 - 40

Coarse #1 - #4


Not ideal for cold brew, but you can try the french press

Not ideal for cold brew, but you can try the french press

Cone filter drip machines


#15 - 30

Medium #1 - Coarse #1

#10 - 15

Chemex icon + 1

#8 - 10




#5 - 7


Espresso Icon (far left)

#1 - for better results, adjust your grinder

Flat filter drip machines

#20 - 25

#20 - 25

Medium #2

#10 - 13

Chemex icon - 1

#10 - 12

French Press



Coarse #1


French press icon (far right)


Hario V60



Fine #4 - Medium #1

#4 - 6

Drip icon - 2.5


Kalita Wave



Fine #4 - Medium #1

#4 - 6

Drip icon - 2.5


Moka Pot



Fine #2 - Medium #1

#2 - 5

Espresso icon + 1

#2 - 4




Fine #3 - Medium #1

#4 - 10

Drip icon - 2


Soft Brew

#15 - 30

#15 - 30

Medium #1 - Coarse #1

#12 - 16

Drip icon - 1

#4 - 6

Turkish Brew



Extra Fine #1

Not ideal for Turkish

Not ideal for Turkish

Not ideal for Turkish

Vietnamese Phin

#30 - 40

#30 - 40

Coarse #1 - #4


French press icon (far right)



#20 - 30

#20 - 30

Coarse #1 - #4


Drip icon + 2.5

#12 - 14




Fine #4 - medium #1

#4 - 6

Drip icon + 2.5


Coffee Grinding FAQs

Need to know what size grind is right for your coffee maker, fast? We’ve answered the most common grinder-FAQ’s below, you impatient SOB:

1 - What's the Ideal French Press Grind Size?

It’s amazing how many people go through life using a press pot with the wrong grind size. Once you start using the right grind however, your french press will receive a new lease on life.

Use a coarse grind for your french press. Do not make the common mistake of going medium or medium fine, unless you like over-steeped (bitter) coffee and a silt-y taste in your mouth.

The french press grind size litmus test: you’ll have a hard time plunging if your grinds are too fine, and plunging will happen to fast if your grinds are too coarse.

There’s more to brewing a good french press than simply throwing in coffee grounds + water and plunging. The little things make a big difference. Learn how to brew a french press the right way here.

2 - What's the Right Size Coffee Grind for Espresso?

When you use an espresso machine, you’ll get immediate and very obvious feedback on whether you have chosen the right grind size via your tastebuds. If you don’t get it right, you’ll brew something that tastes like pure and utter dirt.

Use a fine grind when brewing with an espresso machine, and nothing else.

We use a fine grind because espresso machines use pressure (measured in ‘bars’) to brew; meaning hot water is forced through your grounds. Too fine, and it won’t get through, too coarse, and it will gush through.

The not-so-obvious truth is that the ‘fine’ setting on one grinder may not be exactly the same as ‘fine’ on another, so you grind setting may vary. 

3 - What’s the Right Pour Over Grind Size?

Start with a medium-fine grind, and adjust it based on your preferences.

For example, if your brew turns out sour (under extracted), use a finer grind next time, and/or increase your brew time slightly. If your brew ends up bitter (over extracted), use a coarser grind next time and/or decrease your brew time.

  • Hario V60: Medium-fine
  • Kalita Wave: Medium-fine
  • Chemex: Medium-coarse
  • Kone filter: Medium-fine
  • Bee house: Medium-fine
  • Clever dripper: Medium to Coarse (the more coarse you go, the shorter your brew time)
  • Woodneck: fine, to medium
  • Walkure: Coarse
  • Melitta ready set joe: Medium-fine

4 - What’s the Ideal Chemex Grind Size?

The chemex coffee maker is beautiful, yet unforgiving. The good news is that you get to maintain lots of control over your brew. The bad news is that it’s hard to get right if you don’t know what to do with this control. Using the right grind size for the Chemex, is critical.

Use a medium-coarse grind (leaning more towards the coarse side), similar to the consistency of table salt.

Make sure you wet and rinse that filter beforehand.

5 - What’s the Ideal Aeropress Grind Size?

The Aeropress is the most popular coffee maker of our time (informed speculation), yet most people still are not quite sure of the right grind size when using an Aeropress. Do you?

The answer is: there is no answer. The beauty of the Aeropress, is that you can alter the final brew by playing around with the grind size and brew time (among other things).

Here’s a guide for grind sizes and your Aeropress. Remember to experiment, and record your results:

  • Brew for a minute (or less) using a fine grind
  • Brew for 3 minutes + with a medium grind
  • Brew for 3-4 minutes with a coarse grind
  • Brew for 4-5 minutes with a coarse grind

6 - What’s the Best Cold Brew Grind Size?

An ice-cool cold brew coffee is refreshing and full of strange yet pleasant flavours.

Unless you use the wrong grind size. Make this mistake and it’s surprisingly full of shitty flavours. And it will hurt even more considering you just invested 16-30 hours into it.

Make sure your cold brew batch tastes pleasant by using an extra coarse grind.

But here’s the thing that most people miss: you can use a finer or coarser grind if you alter the steep time. In general: the longer you steep, the coarser your grind. Of course, don’t go finer than medium.

If you want to make kickass cold brew, as in, on the same level as stumptown-level-coldbrew-kickass, here’s out advice: experiment.

Note down you grind size, your steep time, while leaving everything else the same. How does it taste? Now do it again, but increase the steep time. How does it taste now? Record your findings.

Don’t have time to experiment? Bruer has a cool case study you can learn from here.

7 - What’s the Ideal Moka Pot Grind Size?

Ah, ye old Moka pot. Otherwise known as the stovetop espresso maker. The latter name being an unsuitable one, in our opinion.

They are both Italian, and they both use a fine grind size. That’s about it in terms of similarities that the Moka pot shares with the espresso machine. Don’t be one of those fools who claims that both leave you with a similar tasting brew. 

We just told you to use a fine grind, but others suggest a drip grind (medium-fine). Experiment.

Start with a fine grind, and if your brew is over extracted (bitter, sharp), move up to a medium-fine grind. Every moka pot is different, and there are hundreds of models out there, so grind sizes in this case, are not perfectly universal.

8 - What's the Best Coffee Grinder for Camping?

So you’re heading into the sticks, but your significant other says you can’t bring you favourite machine burr grinder. It’s overkill, they say.

What do you do?

You could dump his (or her) arse. If that’s a little extreme, just pick a more travel-friendly grinder. We suggest a small, handheld, portable grinder.

Since you’ll need a camping friendly coffee maker to go with your portable grinder, we suggest you take a look at this guide on how to make coffee while camping.

Yep - you’re a coffee grinding expert now.

When you pay attention to the little things - the little things being your grounds of coffee in this case - you reap the rewards of great darn coffee.

If you liked this article, download your personal grind chart, and do us a favour? Share it with your friends on the social medias? Gracias.

  • Alex
  • September 7, 2016

Alex is the Founder and Editor of Homegrounds.co. He is passionate about brewing amazing coffee at home, and teaching others to do the same.

Click Here to Leave a Comment Below 12 comments
Søren og Wahlgren - April 24, 2017

On the Bodum Bistro, is +1 one step finer or coarser?

Thanks for a great chart!

John - May 21, 2017

The section of the article that provides recommended settings for popular grinders is no longer available. Please fix. Thanks.

John A Tornatore-Pili - May 30, 2017

Do you think you could add the Breville Smart Grinder Pro to your suggested grind settings chart?

Mike - June 15, 2017

I read alot about the coffee processes. This article gave alot, where previously I had to read several articles.

Bookmarking this page…

Pawel - September 20, 2017

Is the Technivorm Moccamaster considered a drip or pour over? Still struggling to get it right. I think about 56g -60g coffe per liter to 20 grind setting on the Baratza Encore is okay. Can anyone suggest where to go with this grinder/machine combo?

Mike - January 5, 2018

Looking for the grind size chart. Please, help!

Elaine - January 8, 2018

What about the cheaper coffee makers like Mr. Coffee, Black and Decker and Cuisinart. What size grain would you use for these drip type coffee machines. I’ve been using fine but it seems like I have to use twice as much coffee to get any flavor. This month I’m going to try to grind medium and see if that makes any difference. Any feedback?

    Alex - January 16, 2018

    Sorry Elaine but I have not tried those coffee makers

Tom - January 12, 2018

Do you factor in roast, type of bean, etc, into the grind? Do you grind a dark roast espresso bean the same way you’d grind a lightly roasted bean?

Sam - January 20, 2018

Hey can you guys do tha OXO bur grinder? The $200 one.

The size of grind goes from 1 (being finest) to 15 (being coarser)

Thanks in advance 🙂

Peter Burrows - August 11, 2018

Great info. You tray need to organize your info better though. The white text on black is hard to tell what goes with what.
I have bookmarked . Thanks.

Olaf - October 26, 2018

Hi, wonderful info, chart and page overall. Thanks.

For the espresso, you may want to mention tuning using the brewing time, 1 second per brewed millilitre.

Also, could you spend two words for Senseo machines? there are refillable pods and it’s not clear which grind to use. By opening one I would say rougher than espresso, but I cannot easily judge, I’m not an expert.


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