Pacamara Coffee Beans: What You Need To Know
If you are a coffee lover, you likely already know about Arabica and Robusta coffee beans. But, how well do you know your coffee bean varieties? If you know them well, you’ve joined the coffee geek club. If not, buckle up.
Here is everything you need to know about Pacamara coffee beans.
What Is Pacamara Coffee?
Pacamara coffee is a unique coffee variety, and it is the product of scientific breeding and natural selection that took decades to achieve. According to World Coffee Research, it was first discovered in 1956 in El Salvador by Fernando Figueroa on his coffee plantation farm (1).
Pacamara coffee is a cross between two Arabica varieties: Pacas and Maragogype. Arabica coffee beans are just one of the coffee family species along with Robusta beans, Excelsa beans, and Liberica beans.
For more on coffee variety, check out this YouTube video:
How Do I Brew Pacamara Coffee?
Pacamara coffee is brewed as a medium or light roast to get the most out of its rich acidity. Thus, pour-over coffee drinkers would enjoy this variety. Unfortunately, cold brew is not recommended for Pacamara coffee since it will cut through the acidity and nullify its complex flavor profile. It is ideal for use in other coffee brewing methods, such as French Press, Drip Brewing, Pour Over, Chemex, or as black coffee or an espresso shot. Adding milk works well, too.
Where Is Pacamara Coffee Grown?
This exotic coffee originated in El Salvador’s Institute of Coffee Studies in 1958. Pacas and Maragogype were mixed to form Pacamara via trial-and-error.
The idea. . . was to get the best of the two varietals. It was named PACAMARA in reference to the first four letters of each parent varietal
Pacas also comes from El Salvador, specifically Santa Ana, and was discovered in 1949 as a natural mutation of the Arabica – Bourbon varietal. Pacas is smaller since it is a “dwarf” variety, yet it still has a good body and less sweetness than its predecessor (2).
Pacamara combines the best of Pacas and Maragogype to produce smaller trees that are closer together with larger beans and a higher coffee yield.
Maragogype comes from Brazil, specifically Maragogipe, Bahia, from a spontaneous mutation of the Arabica variety known as Typica. Maragogype, or “elephant coffee,” has a large body. Although this taller plant yield is not the most effective, it results in a higher quality coffee (3).
what does Typica taste like?
Typica coffee tastes like a sweet lemony light roast. It yields high-quality cups with characteristic floral notes, lemon acidity, and a surprisingly sweet aftertaste. Typica is one of the oldest coffee varieties. Maragogype retains many similarities with this parent type as a spontaneous mutation of it. The higher the elevation for Typica’s growth, the more intense its flavors (4).
Pacamara Coffee Taste
Pacamara coffee is known for its dazzling taste profile. It features a full medium-to-dense body and a delectable creamy texture. This coffee is bursting with flavors, from the sweet notes of butterscotch, cinnamon, and rich chocolate to the juicer citrus of raspberry and orange with a prominent jasmine undertone.
Pacamara coffee is good. It has a well-renowned reputation for its creaminess, its intensity, and its combination of sweet fruity flavors with its characteristic jasmine notes. It is made in many ways and helps to curate a nuanced palette that will serve your needs as a home barista.
Excelsa coffee is often misunderstood. Although it used to be classified as its own type of species back in 2006, it is now technically considered a type of Liberica coffee. Excelsa coffee beans are scarcer, smaller and rounder, and more tart in flavor. They have more intense earthy tones and are often added to other coffee types for a more delicious taste.
Liberica coffee is rare and makes up just 2% of the global coffee yield. Compared to Arabica, the cherries from Liberica coffee plants are irregular, asymmetrical, and larger with a more hooked tip. Liberica coffee beans initially have pleasant fruity and floral scents, but post-brew they take on more of a richer and fuller earthy taste similar to that of Excelsa coffee.
As of writing, there are 44 known Arabica coffee varietals. Some of the more well-known ones are the Pacamara, the Catuai, the Bourbon, the Typica, and the Maragogype.
- World Coffee Research. (n.d.) Pacamara. Retrieved 20, 2022, from https://varieties.worldcoffeeresearch.org/varieties/pacamara
- Firebat Coffee Roasters. (2016, August 5). Pacamara – A True Beauty Of Speciality Coffees. Retrieved July 20, 2022, from https://firebatcoffee.com/pacamara-a-true-beauty-of-specialty-coffee/
- Craves, J. (2006, May 1). Botanical varieties of coffee. Retrieved July 21, 2022, from https://www.coffeehabitat.com/2006/05/botanical_varie/
- Panama Varietals. (n.d.). Varietals. Retrieved July 21, 2022, from https://www.panamavarietals.com/varietals