Cortadito Coffee: What is It and How to Make It?
While the cortado and the cafe cubano might have become common cafe menu items, the cortadito hasn’t yet had its time in the limelight. This dark, strong coffee cut with milk and sugar is a favourite among Cubans. It might just become one of yours too!
So what makes a good cortadito coffee?Print
This simple recipe is made using an espresso machine. But, as I said before, if you don’t have one, you can make strong coffee with a Moka pot. Or even an AeroPress. Using a Moka pot is preferable if you want to make cortaditos for a crowd. In this case, you would whip the sugar/coffee mix for all cups at once and portion it out for serving.
- 2 shots of espresso
- 2 teaspoons of sugar
- Steamed milk
- Serving cup
- Spoon or small whisk
- Add the sugar to the serving cup and set it aside
- Pull your double shot of espresso
- Pour a small amount of coffee into the sugar and whip until light and fluffy
- Add the remaining coffee to the cup and stir to combine
- Top with an equal amount of steamed milk
Top tip: When creating espuma, add just enough coffee to wet the sugar. It will be a thick, grainy paste at first, but once the sugar dissolves, it will become looser.
What is a cortadito coffee?
Perhaps the best way of describing this Cuban specialty is by explaining how it differs from other similar coffees. If you know what a cortado is, the cortadito could be considered its Cuban cousin. The Spanish cortado is two shots of espresso topped with an equal amount of steamed milk. The cortadito also uses a 1:1 ratio of coffee and milk. However, it uses presweetened espresso or sometimes sweetened condensed milk. But it’s not the only coffee that’s specific to Cuba.
This is a society where people make time to spend time with people they love — often over a cup of coffee.
There is, of course, the cafe cubano or cafecito. Cafe Cubano features the same presweetened espresso but without the milk topping. There’s also the cafe con leche (coffee with milk), similar to a latte but with slightly less milk.
How to make cortadito
The basic premise of the cortadito is pretty standard, but the preparation is not. In homes, or even in some Cuban cafes, you’ll find the coffee is made with a Moka pot rather than an espresso machine. To get the traditional espuma on the coffee, you whip the sugar with a small amount of coffee. And you do it before adding the milk. Others prefer to sweeten it during the brewing process. There are two ways to do this. First, by adding the sugar to the top of the Moka pot. Second, by adding it on top of the tamped grounds in the portafilter.
Alternatively, you can leave the espresso itself unsweetened and instead top with steamed condensed milk.
What we love about the Cortadito is how adaptable and easy it is to make at home. You don’t need any unique accessories or even a milk frother. The best thing is, you can heat the untextured milk in a small saucepan.
Evaporated milk and condensed milk are not the same. But they are similar. Evaporated milk is milk with around half of the water removed. Condensed milk also has some water removed but has sugar added to create a thick syrup (1).
Yes, coffee is grown in Cuba. However, due to the impacts of the trade embargo with the USA, it is no longer one of its major exports. The central growing region is in the Sierra Maestra mountain, where both Arabica and Robusta bean are cultivated (2).
Yes, you can make a cortadito with almond milk. Almond milk is notoriously difficult to foam (3), but the milk in a cortadito is usually only steamed, not frothed.
- Stevens, M. (2000, April 1). Condensed Milk vs. Evaporated Milk. FineCooking. https://www.finecooking.com/article/condensed-milk-vs-evaporated-milk.
- Farias, S. (2020, April 13). Exploring Cuba’s Coffee Farms. Perfect Daily Grind. https://perfectdailygrind.com/2018/09/exploring-cubas-coffee-farms/.
- Almond milk and coffee – how to get it right. Nespresso. (n.d.). https://www.nespresso.com/au/en/news/blog-almond-milk-and-coffee.